Question: How Are Mitochondria And Chloroplasts Similar And Different?

How do the mitochondria and chloroplasts work together?

How do the chloroplast and mitochondria work together to keep plant cells alive.

Chloroplasts convert sunlight into food during photosynthesis, then mitochondria makes energy out of the food in the form of ATP.

where critical chemical reactions occur in the cell that allow for the release of energy from food..

Why do mitochondria and chloroplasts have double membranes?

The double membrane found in mitochondria and chloroplasts appears to be a relic of the absorption of the prokaryotic bacteria by the eukaryotic host cells. The inner membrane, which now contains numerous folds, apparently came from the bacterial membrane, while the outer membrane came from the host cell itself.

How are mitochondria and chloroplasts alike?

Like mitochondria, chloroplasts have outer and inner membranes, but within the space enclosed by a chloroplast’s inner membrane is a set of interconnected and stacked, fluid-filled membrane sacs called thylakoids (Figure 2). Each stack of thylakoids is called a granum (plural = grana).

What do chloroplasts and mitochondria have in common quizlet?

describe two common characteristics of chloroplasts and mitochondria. … Both organelles are involved in energy transformation, mitochondria in cellular respiration and chloroplasts in photosynthesis. They both have multiple membranes that separate their interiors into compartments.

What is the difference between mitochondria and chloroplasts quizlet?

In mitochondria, ATP is produced as a result of oxidation and foodstuffs, and is used as an energy source for metabolic processes. In chloroplasts, ATP is produced as a result of harvesting energy from light. In chloroplasts, the ATP is used in the fixation of CO2 into sugars.

How many membranes do mitochondria have?

twoAs previously mentioned, mitochondria contain two major membranes. The outer mitochondrial membrane fully surrounds the inner membrane, with a small intermembrane space in between.

What are two common characteristics of mitochondria and chloroplasts?

Describe at least two common characteristics of chloroplasts and mitochondria. Both organelles are involved in energy transformation, mitochondria in cellular respiration and chloroplasts in photosynthesis. They are both composed of two or more separate membranes.

What do mitochondria and thylakoid membranes have in common?

Answer and Explanation: The mitochondrial membrane and thylakoids membranes have a couple things in common: Both membranes contain ATP Synthase Proteins.

Can chloroplasts and mitochondria reproduce themselves?

Replication. Mitochondria and chloroplasts make more of themselves in much the same way as bacteria reproduce. … Like bacteria, mitochondria and chloroplasts grow in size, duplicate their DNA and other structures, and then divide into two identical organelles.

What are the similarities and differences between mitochondria and chloroplasts?

Both the chloroplast and the mitochondrion are organelles found in the cells of plants, but only mitochondria are found in animal cells. The function of chloroplasts and mitochondria is to generate energy for the cells in which they live. The structure of both organelle types includes an inner and an outer membrane.

Why are mitochondria called Powerhouse of the Cell give three similarities and one difference between mitochondria and plastids?

Answer. Mitochondria is known as powerhouse of the cell because it creates energy for the cell. … Mitochondria is known as powerhouse of the cell whereas plastids are known as kitchen of the cell. Mitochondria is related to production of ATP molecules whereas plastids are the main site of photosynthesis.

What are the two types of plastids?

Types of PlastidsChloroplasts.Chromoplasts.Gerontoplasts.Leucoplasts.

What bacteria did mitochondria come from?

The endosymbiotic hypothesis for the origin of mitochondria (and chloroplasts) suggests that mitochondria are descended from specialized bacteria (probably purple nonsulfur bacteria) that somehow survived endocytosis by another species of prokaryote or some other cell type, and became incorporated into the cytoplasm.

What do mitochondria and chloroplasts do?

Mitochondria are the “powerhouses” of the cell, breaking down fuel molecules and capturing energy in cellular respiration. Chloroplasts are found in plants and algae. They’re responsible for capturing light energy to make sugars in photosynthesis.

What is Plasmolysis give two similarities and differences between mitochondria and plastids?

Answer: Plasmolysis is the process in which cells lose water in a hypertonic solution. … The main difference between mitochondria and plastids is that mitochondria are found in all eukaryotic cells, but plastids are exclusive to plants and algae.

What are the two similarities between mitochondria and plastids?

Both mitochondria and plasmids are double membrane bound organelles. Both mitochondria and plastid in their outer membrane have porin protein which makes outer layer more permeable. Both mitochondria and plasmids have some of their own DNA for protein synthesis hence they are called as semi autonomous cell organelles.

Do bacteria have ER?

Numerous small ribosomes in cytoplasm. many membrane bound organelles- lysosomes, mitochondria (with small ribosomes), golgi bodies, endoplasmic reticulum, nucleus. Large ribosomes in cytoplasm and on rough ER. … Bacteria, of course, have no nucleus and therefore also nuclear membrane.

What three things do mitochondria and prokaryotic bacteria have in common?

Even though both organelles are found in eukaryotic cells, both mitochondria and chloroplast have characteristics often found in prokaryotic cells. These prokaryotic cell characteristics include: an enclosed double membrane, circular DNA, and bacteria-like ribosomes.

Are chloroplasts found in animal cells?

Chloroplasts are the food producers of the cell. The organelles are only found in plant cells and some protists such as algae. Animal cells do not have chloroplasts. Chloroplasts work to convert light energy of the Sun into sugars that can be used by cells.

What do mitochondria and chloroplasts have in common with prokaryotes?

The endosymbiotic theory states that some of the organelles in eukaryotic cells were once prokaryotic microbes. Mitochondria and chloroplasts are the same size as prokaryotic cells and divide by binary fission. Mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own DNA which is circular, not linear.

What are the similarities between mitochondria and bacteria?

Most important are the many striking similarities between prokaryotes (like bacteria) and mitochondria: Membranes — Mitochondria have their own cell membranes, just like a prokaryotic cell does. DNA — Each mitochondrion has its own circular DNA genome, like a bacteria’s genome, but much smaller.