Question: What Are Common Illnesses?

What are the five signs of infection?

Know the Signs and Symptoms of InfectionFever (this is sometimes the only sign of an infection).Chills and sweats.Change in cough or a new cough.Sore throat or new mouth sore.Shortness of breath.Nasal congestion.Stiff neck.Burning or pain with urination.More items….

What is difference between illness sickness and disease?

Disease then, is the pathological process, deviation from a biological norm. Illness is the patient’s experience of ill health, sometimes when no disease can be found. Sickness is the role negotiated with society.

What are the 7 diseases?

In the following pages, we present seven infections from the past that still plague us today.Pneumonic/Bubonic Plague. … Spanish and Swine Flu — H1N1. … Polio. … Chagas Disease. … Leprosy. … Hookworm. … Tuberculosis.

What is the biggest killer in the world?

ischaemic heart diseaseThe world’s biggest killer is ischaemic heart disease, responsible for 16% of the world’s total deaths. Since 2000, the largest increase in deaths has been for this disease, rising by more than 2 million to 8.9 million deaths in 2019.

What are the 14 serious childhood diseases?

Chickenpox (Varicella)Diphtheria.Flu (Influenza)Hepatitis A.Hepatitis B.Hib.HPV (Human Papillomavirus)Measles.More items…

What are man made diseases?

Man-Made Diseases Defined Toxic substances in the environment such as beryllium in the air in the factory, sulphur dioxide in the smog over a city, insecticide on the farm, or an improperly tested drug regardless of whether they act as a simple toxin or as a carcinogen, mutagen or teratogen. 2.

What are the six killer diseases of a child?

These six are the target diseases of WHO’s Expanded Programme on Immuni- zation (EPI), and of UNICEF’s Univer- sal Childhood Immunization (UCI); measles, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus and tuberculosis.

What are the 5 most common childhood illnesses?

10 Common Childhood Illnesses and Their TreatmentsSore Throat. Sore throats are common in children and can be painful. … Ear Pain. … Urinary Tract Infection. … Skin Infection. … Bronchitis. … Bronchiolitis. … Pain. … Common Cold.More items…•

What are the causes of common illness?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.

What was the longest pandemic?

The Spanish flu pandemic was the largest, but not the only large recent influenza pandemic. Two decades before the Spanish flu the Russian flu pandemic (1889-1894) is believed to have killed 1 million people. Estimates for the death toll of the “Asian Flu” (1957-1958) vary between 1.5 and 4 million.

Which disease has no cure?

cancer. dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease. advanced lung, heart, kidney and liver disease. stroke and other neurological diseases, including motor neurone disease and multiple sclerosis.

What is the croup sickness?

Croup refers to an infection of the upper airway, which obstructs breathing and causes a characteristic barking cough. The cough and other signs and symptoms of croup are the result of swelling around the voice box (larynx), windpipe (trachea) and bronchial tubes (bronchi).

What is the most common medical condition?

The 25 most common medical diagnosesHypertension.Hyperlipidemia.Diabetes.Back pain.Anxiety.Obesity.Allergic rhinitis.Reflux esophagitis.More items…•

What are the 10 most common diseases?

Heart disease. Share on Pinterest Many of the top 10 causes of death are preventable through lifestyle changes and regular checkups. … Cancer. Deaths in 2017: 599,108. … Unintentional injuries. … Chronic lower respiratory disease. … Stroke and cerebrovascular diseases. … Alzheimer’s disease. … Diabetes. … Influenza and pneumonia.More items…•

What is the meaning of common illness?

1 : an unhealthy condition of the body or mind Germs can cause illness. 2 : a specific sickness or disease Colds are a common illness.

What is the deadliest disease in history?

Cholera, bubonic plague, smallpox, and influenza are some of the most brutal killers in human history. And outbreaks of these diseases across international borders, are properly defined as pandemic, especially smallpox, which throughout history, has killed between 300-500 million people in its 12,000 year existence.

What are serious illnesses?

A serious illness is a health condition that carries a high risk of mortality and commonly affects a patient for several years, such as metastatic cancer, heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and dementia.

What can you do to avoid illness?

6 daily habits to help you avoid getting sickWash your hands. Wash your hands frequently with soap and warm water. … Avoid close contact with people who are sick. … Stay home if you’re sick. … Cover your cough or sneeze. … Avoid touching your face. … Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.