Question: What Does Communicable Mean?

What are non communicable diseases give examples?

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and chronic lung disease, are collectively responsible for almost 70% of all deaths worldwide..

How do non communicable diseases affect the world?

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading causes of death and disability globally, killing more than three in five people worldwide and responsible for more than half of the global burden of disease. NCDs cause and perpetuate poverty while hindering economic development in low- and middle-income countries.

What does it mean to be communicable?

A communicable disease is one that is spread from one person to another through a variety of ways that include: contact with blood and bodily fluids; breathing in an airborne virus; or by being bitten by an insect.

What are examples of communicable diseases?

Some examples of communicable diseases include influenza, mumps, chickenpox, hepatitis A and tuberculosis (TB). TB is a chronic infection caused by bacterium that usually settles in the lungs. It is spread by droplets when an infected person coughs on another person.

What are the 4 types of infections?

This article will focus on the most common and deadly types of infection: bacterial, viral, fungal, and prion.

Is Ebola a communicable disease?

Ebola is contagious. The virus spreads through direct contact (via broken skin or mucous membranes, in the nose, mouth, or eyes). Blood or body fluids from infected individuals are capable of causing infection in others. Examples of body fluids include urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen.

What is the other name of communicable disease?

What is another word for communicable disease?infectious diseasetransmissible diseasecontagious diseaseinfection

What is another word for communicable?

What is another word for communicable?catchingcontagioustransmittableinfectioustransferabletransmissiblepestilentcommunicativeconveyableexpansive24 more rows

What does non communicable mean?

A noncommunicable disease (NCD) is a medical condition or disease that is by definition non-infectious and non-transmissible among people. … The four main types of NCDs, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic lung disease, and diabetes, result in more than 30 million deaths annually.

What are the top 3 communicable diseases?

List of Communicable Diseases2019-nCoV.CRE.Ebola.Enterovirus D68.Flu.Hantavirus.Hepatitis A.Hepatitis B.More items…

What is the most common communicable disease?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

Who is at risk of communicable diseases?

Key risk factors include crowded conditions, forced displacement, poor quality shelter, poor water, sanitation and hygiene, lack of healthcare facilities and lack of adequate surveillance.

What are the main causes of communicable diseases?

Overview. Communicable, or infectious diseases, are caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi that can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Some are transmitted through bites from insects while others are caused by ingesting contaminated food or water.

What does communicable disease mean?

Communicable diseases, also known as infectious diseases or transmissible diseases, are illnesses that result from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic (capable of causing disease) biologic agents in an individual human or other animal host.

How many types of communicable disease are there?

Types and symptoms. Four main types of pathogens cause infection: Viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protists.

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable diseases kill around 40 million people each year. This is about 70 percent of all deaths worldwide….Chronic respiratory diseasechronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)asthma.occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.pulmonary hypertension.cystic fibrosis.

Why is it important to know how communicable diseases are spread?

A disease that is spread from one living thing to another or through the environment. 2. Why is it important to know how communicable diseases are spread? To reduce your risk of getting them.

What are the 10 communicable diseases?

Communicable diseasesInfluenza. Norovirus. Mumps. Tuberculosis.Pertussis. Zika virus. West Nile virus.Ebola. Chikungunya virus. Coronavirus (COVID-19)

How can communicable diseases be prevented?

Decrease your risk of infecting yourself or others:Wash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

What are three risk factors that can cause non communicable diseases?

The rise of NCDs has been driven by primarily four major risk factors: tobacco use, physical inactivity, the harmful use of alcohol and unhealthy diets.