Quick Answer: What Is The Cause Of A Communicable Disease?

How many types of communicable disease are there?

Types and symptoms.

Four main types of pathogens cause infection: Viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protists..

What are the 3 types of prevention?

The three levels of preventive care—primary, secondary, and tertiary care—are detailed below:Primary Prevention. Primary prevention aims to avoid the development of a disease or disability in healthy individuals. … Secondary Prevention. … Tertiary Prevention.

What is the most effective way to prevent infection?

Hand washing is the single most effective way to prevent the spread of infections. You can spread certain “germs” (a general term for microbes like viruses and bacteria) casually by touching another person.

What are 3 causes of communicable diseases?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.

How can I prevent communicable diseases?

Learn, practice, and teach healthy habits.#1 Handle & Prepare Food Safely. Food can carry germs. … #2 Wash Hands Often. … #3 Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces. … #4 Cough and Sneeze into a Tissue or Your Sleeve. … #5 Don’t Share Personal Items. … #6 Get Vaccinated. … #7 Avoid Touching Wild Animals. … #8 Stay Home When Sick.

Who is at risk of communicable diseases?

The risk of communicable diseases is associated primarily with the size and characteristics of the displaced population: specifically, the amount and availability of safe water and functioning latrines; the nutritional status of the displaced population; the level of immunity to vaccine-preventable diseases such as …

What are the 4 types of communicable diseases?

Communicable diseasesInfluenza. Norovirus. Mumps. Tuberculosis.Pertussis. Zika virus. West Nile virus.Ebola. Chikungunya virus. Coronavirus (COVID-19)

What are the 5 communicable diseases?

List of Communicable Diseases2019-nCoV.CRE.Ebola.Enterovirus D68.Flu.Hantavirus.Hepatitis A.Hepatitis B.More items…

Is an STD a communicable disease?

Communicable Disease: Sexually Transmitted Disease.

Is chlamydia a communicable disease?

Chlamydia is a contagious STD (sexually transmitted disease). Chlamydia bacteria cause the most common STD in United States. Approximately 3,000,000 women and men become infected every year.

Which action can prevent or stop the spread of communicable disease?

Washing hands properly is one of the most important and effective ways of stopping the spread of infections and illnesses. Wash your hands thoroughly using water and plain soap. Wash for at least 20 seconds and dry them completely.

What is communicable disease?

“Communicable disease” means an illness caused by an infectious agent or its toxins that occurs through the direct or indirect transmission of the infectious agent or its products from an infected individual or via an animal, vector or the inanimate environment to a susceptible animal or human host.

What is the most communicable disease?

History’s nine most contagious diseases: Where are they now?Smallpox. Emerging in human populations around 10,000 B.C., smallpox eventually killed between 300 and 500 million people worldwide, during the 20th century alone. … Rabies. … Tuberculosis. … Leprosy. … Typhoid Fever. … Bubonic and Pneumonic Plagues. … Malaria. … HIV/AIDS.

Can communicable diseases be cured?

Some diseases can be cured. Others, like hepatitis B, have no cure. The person will always have the condition, but medical treatments can help to manage the disease. Medical professionals use medicine, therapy, surgery, and other treatments to help lessen the symptoms and effects of a disease.

What are the main causes of communicable diseases?

Overview. Communicable, or infectious diseases, are caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi that can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Some are transmitted through bites from insects while others are caused by ingesting contaminated food or water.

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable diseases kill around 40 million people each year. This is about 70 percent of all deaths worldwide….Chronic respiratory diseasechronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)asthma.occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.pulmonary hypertension.cystic fibrosis.

What is communicable disease with example?

Some examples of reportable communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.