What Is The Most Common Communicable Disease?

What are the 5 diseases?

Infectious diseases affect billions of people around the globe annually.

According to WHO and the CDC, these infectious diseases are the five most common.Hepatitis B.

Malaria.

Hepatitis C.

Dengue.

Tuberculosis..

What are the common communicable diseases?

List of Communicable Diseases2019-nCoV.CRE.Ebola.Enterovirus D68.Flu.Hantavirus.Hepatitis A.Hepatitis B.More items…

What are 3 communicable diseases?

Some examples of reportable communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.

How do you prevent NCDs?

Tools by targetsTarget 1: Reduce mortality from NCDs.Target 2: Reduce harmful use of alcohol.Target 3: Reduce prevalence of physical inactivity.Target 4: Reduce salt intake.Target 5: Reduce tobacco use.Target 6: Reduce prevalence of raised blood pressure.Target 7: Halt the rise in diabetes and obesity.More items…

What are examples of non communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and chronic lung disease, are collectively responsible for almost 70% of all deaths worldwide.

What are the 4 main types of NCDs?

Noncommunicable – or chronic – diseases are diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.

What are the 5 modes of transmission?

The modes (means) of transmission are: Contact (direct and/or indirect), Droplet, Airborne, Vector and Common Vehicle. The portal of entry is the means by which the infectious microorganisms gains access into the new host.

How do you tell if you are fighting an infection?

Signs of infectionfever.feeling tired or fatigued.swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin.headache.nausea or vomiting.

What is the most common infection?

Most Common Infectious Diseases in the U.S.Scroll down to read all. 1 / 15. Chlamydia. … 2 / 15. Influenza A and B. Sudden fever and chills, muscle aches, headache, tiredness, sore throat, congestion. … 3 / 15. Staph. There are more than 30 kinds of staph bacteria. … 4 / 15. E. Coli. … 5 / 15. Herpes Simplex 1. … 6 / 15. Herpes Simplex 2. … 7 / 15. Shigellosis. … 8 / 15. Syphilis.More items…

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

Alzheimer’s Disease.Cancer.Epilepsy.Osteoarthritis.Osteoporosis.Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke)Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Coronary Artery Disease.More items…

What are 3 non communicable diseases?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes….Chronic respiratory diseasechronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)asthma.occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.pulmonary hypertension.cystic fibrosis.

What is the biggest killer in the world?

ischaemic heart diseaseThe world’s biggest killer is ischaemic heart disease, responsible for 16% of the world’s total deaths. Since 2000, the largest increase in deaths has been for this disease, rising by more than 2 million to 8.9 million deaths in 2019.

Which disease is caused by virus?

Viral Infections Viruses are very tiny germs. They are made of genetic material inside of a protein coating. Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the common cold, flu and warts. They also cause severe illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, Ebola, and COVID-19.

What are the 10 most common diseases?

Heart disease. Share on Pinterest Many of the top 10 causes of death are preventable through lifestyle changes and regular checkups. … Cancer. Deaths in 2017: 599,108. … Unintentional injuries. … Chronic lower respiratory disease. … Stroke and cerebrovascular diseases. … Alzheimer’s disease. … Diabetes. … Influenza and pneumonia.More items…

What are the main causes of communicable diseases?

Communicable diseases are caused by infectious agents that can be transmitted to susceptible individuals from an infected person, or from other animals, objects or the environment. Infectious agents include helminths, protozoa, bacteria, viruses and fungi.

Is Ebola a communicable disease?

Ebola is contagious. The virus spreads through direct contact (via broken skin or mucous membranes, in the nose, mouth, or eyes). Blood or body fluids from infected individuals are capable of causing infection in others. Examples of body fluids include urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen.

What diseases have the highest mortality rate?

Deadliest Contagious Diseases By Death Toll.Comparison point: As of Sept. … HIV/AIDS: 1.6 million deaths.Tuberculosis: 1.3 million deaths.Pneumonia: 1.1 million children under the age of 5.Infectious Diarrhea: 760,000 children under the age of 5.Malaria: 627,000 deaths.More items…•

What are the top 3 communicable diseases?

Ebola.Influenza.Mumps.Norovirus.Pertussis.Tuberculosis.Coronavirus.

Which disease has no cure?

Progeria – Progeria has no cure and a very small amount of treatments. However, there is a medicine in the making that is undergoing testing and trials that may lead to a cure. The disorder usually leads to death at a young age. Polio – While there is a vaccine to prevent polio, there is no cure for it.

What are the four types of infection?

This article will focus on the most common and deadly types of infection: bacterial, viral, fungal, and prion.

What are the 5 signs of infection?

Know the Signs and Symptoms of InfectionFever (this is sometimes the only sign of an infection).Chills and sweats.Change in cough or a new cough.Sore throat or new mouth sore.Shortness of breath.Nasal congestion.Stiff neck.Burning or pain with urination.More items…